Best Practices in architecture and construction manage a project under five phases that we will review here. All projects, whether a $5,000 bathroom remodel or a $5 billion dollar stadium have these five phases.
The phases are defined as:
Phase 1 – Program Development: Defining what your goals are, what you want to do, what is in budget and what you are allowed to get permitted by the city or county.
Phase 2 – Schematic Design: The design of the floor plan, layout, exterior drawings called “elevations”
Phase 3 – Design Development: The selection of heating and cooling systems as well as interior design elements such as appliances, materials, furniture, paint etc…
Phase 4 – Construction Documents: The technical “blue prints” and engineering that is needed to get a building permit and build the home.
Phase 5 Construction: Getting bids, hiring a contractor and building the home.
Architecture is critical in all 5 phases. We usually introduce a contractor at Phase II, Schematic Design as they can provide an estimate at that time.
Design is not a perfect march forward. There will be back and forth and changes to designs and specs all the way through the completion of construction.